Which of the following is characteristic of type 1 diabetes?
Diabetes, also known as diabetic Mellitus, is a condition that occurs when blood glucose is too high. It impairs the body’s ability to process blood glucose. There are a lot of myths and facts regarding this disease. Most people think that being a diabetic means the end of the world. That is not the case; Let us investigate some facts about diabetes:
What are the causes of diabetes?
The leading cause of diabetes is insulin insufficiency in the body. Besides, other factors can cause this condition, such as pancreatectomy. This surgical process involves the removal of the pancreas. Another cause may be the dysfunction of the endocrine. Insulin is a hormone mainly produced in the pancreatic glands. It lowers the level of glucose in the blood.
What are the clinical symptoms of diabetes mellitus?
- Polydipsia: excessive thirst
- Polyuria: excessive urination
- Polyphagia: excessive appetite
Types of Diabetes Mellitus
There are two types of diabetes mellitus, such as type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is insulin-dependent
Characteristics of Type I DM
- Therapy is through the injection of insulin to the patient. It is crucial to understand the benefits of insulin in relation to type 1 DM management. Well, it decreases the impacts of symptoms of blood sugar. Blood sugar symptoms are frequent urination as well as fatigue. This process also helps in decreasing pressure in the pancreas to produce insulin. It also helps in reducing the risk of developing diabetic problems.
- Type 1 diabetes, also called juvenile diabetes it affects people below the age of 40 years. This is unlike type 2, which targets older people.
- People suffering from this condition are thinner than those with type 2 are. Keep in mind that weight loss is one of the type 1 symptoms. If you experience rapid weight loss, you should consult with your doctor. You can also opt for a blood test o confirms your suspicions.
- There is the prominence of Ketosis. This is the increased concentration of ketone bodies such as acetoacetic acid, acetone, and hydroxybutyric acid. The occurrence of ketone is because of the metabolisms of lipids to produce energy instead of carbohydrates. Increased metabolism of lipids also facilitates the number of ketone bodies. Keep in mind that ketone bodies are products of the metabolism of ketones. Under normal circumstances, carbohydrates or glucose are broken down to release energy. Now that there is insufficient insulin, the metabolism of glucose will not take place. As a result, use lipids and fats to release energy.
- Hyperglycemia: did you know that even if you go without food, the concentration of glucose in the bloodstream? Most people thought that in cases of fasting, there is no metabolism. That is not the case. Samples were collected from a two-hour postprandial test conducted. The outcome was obvious; there was an elevation of glucose in the bloodstream.
- Glycosuria: this shows that the sugar in the urine will give accurate results in case of a positive case.
- The occurrence of type 1 diabetes usually is abrupt and occurs at any age. According to research, in most cases, this disease is common between the ages of 30 years and above. Amongst the classic symptoms are polydipsia, weight loss, ketoacidosis, polyuria, and polyphagia, to mention but a few. Ketoacidosis, a medical emergency, normally attacks type 1 patients. This condition elevates glucose levels above 300mg/dl. Its symptoms are dehydration, Ketosis, and acidosis.
- This condition is mainly characterized by the abnormalities of insulin in the bloodstream
Characteristics of type 1 diabetes on kids
- Pee a lot
- Feel tired most of the time
- Drink a lot of liquids
- Loss of weight
- Children diagnosed with type 1 DM do not go to the hospital frequently compared to other children.
- They experience normal growth
Management of type 1 diabetes
- It is important to consider regular laboratory tests on fasting blood sugar. This test confirms whether the glucose level in the bloodstream is at its normal or not. Normal glucose quantity ranges from 50-120mgpercentage. Did you know that recently there are test kits for rapid glucose tests? You can easily conduct these tests by yourself at home.
- One of the ways of managing DM is through proper exercises. Keep in mind that these exercises can only work if you couple them with a balanced diet. Avoid sweets, carbohydrates, ice creams, cakes as well as dairy products. Avoid foods such as pasta, rice, and potatoes as your body will metabolize glucose.
- Make sure that you follow your therapeutic insulin injections properly. Perform a Hemoglobin AIC test to determine whether the patient is taking medication or not.
- Make sure that you opt for a regular checkup that targets complications such as kidney dysfunctions as well as cardiovascular diseases. This helps in the proper management of diseases if they occur. Did you know that diabetes mellitus affects all organs in the body? That is why you must visit your doctor frequently. Moreover, if these complications worsen, you can even go blind.
- Keep in mind that type 1 DM is a condition surrounded by both secondary and primary complications. If you have diabetes, you should learn all the characteristics and symptoms to help you handle this disease in time.
Type 1 diabetes is an enemy of insulin. Without insulin in your body, many activities are affected. That is why doctors manage this disease through a therapeutic injection of insulin. Undertake this medication alongside a good diet and regular exercise. Use a pedometer in your exercises to help you achieve your daily workout targets. Consult with your doctor regularly for further guidelines.
The best way to achieve proper management of type 1 DM is through learning and understanding its symptoms. Learn and understands all its characteristics. This helps in identifying the disease early enough. Moreover, it facilitates the proper management of the disease.